Top Causes of Gum Disease

Top Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease—also called periodontal disease—is a common condition, but that doesn’t mean that it’s not a serious one. In fact, gum disease that is left untreated can lead to bleeding gums, difficulty eating, and tooth loss. The good news is that during your routine exams and cleanings, your dentist can diagnose gum disease and provide effective treatment options. Continue reading to learn about the most common causes of gum disease.

Poor Dental Hygiene

Gum disease develops as a result of plaque and tartar accumulation along the gum line, which irritates the gums. As such, it’s no surprise that poor dental hygiene is one of the most common causes of gum disease. Brushing and flossing on a daily basis are essential for the removal of plaque. If plaque is not removed from the teeth each day, it will eventually harden into tartar, which can only be removed during a professional dental cleaning.

Tobacco Use

Using tobacco can have a number of negative impacts on your health, especially your oral health. Smoking or using chewing tobacco can disrupt normal cell function in your mouth. This makes your gum tissues more susceptible to infection, and thus more vulnerable to gum disease. In addition, tobacco use can make it more difficult for your dentist to successfully treat your gum disease.

Underlying Health Conditions

There are a number of health conditions that can make you more susceptible to gum disease. These include diabetes and conditions that affect hormone levels, such as pregnancy. In addition, many medications have the side effect of reducing saliva production, which makes a person more vulnerable to plaque accumulation, and thus, more vulnerable to gum disease.

The best way to prevent and treat gum disease is to schedule regular dental exams and cleanings at your dentist’s office. In Tucson, you can always count on the expert care of John Carson, DDS, PC. For more information, call (520) 514-7203.