How Is Gum Disease Diagnosed?

How Is Gum Disease Diagnosed?

Gum disease is one of the most common dental problems among adults, yet it is often preventable with good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist. When you do visit the dentist for your hygiene visits, the dentist and hygienist will work together to spot the signs of gum disease and recommend treatment. Gum disease in its early stages is reversible with changes to your at-home dental care, such as improved flossing and brushing with an electric toothbrush. In later stages, more intensive treatments such as scaling and root planing may be required. Here is a look at the strategies your dental care team will use to diagnose gum disease at any stage. 

Bleeding Gums

You may detect the first sign of gum disease at home while brushing or flossing. Easy bleeding is a sign of inflammation caused by irritation from plaque and tartar. At the dentist’s office, the hygienist will note any areas where bleeding occurs during your visit. 

Pocket Depth 

Using a special tool, the dentist will measure the depth of the pocket between your gums and your teeth. Pocket depth higher than 3mm can indicate that periodontitis has damaged the gum tissue. Pocket depth of 6mm or higher indicates advanced periodontitis, which causes irreversible damage to the gums along with tooth loss.  

Dental Imaging 

Manually examining the mouth is the typical method of diagnosing gum disease. However, dental imaging may be part of the process to assess the extent of the damage when bone loss is a risk. 

When you see blood in the sink after brushing or flossing your teeth, you should not wait to call the dentist for a hygiene visit and exam. If you are looking for a dentist accepting new patients in Tucson, call John R. Carson, DDS at (520) 514-7203. Our friendly team membersstaff will take every possible step to ensure your comfort while you receive the advanced dental care you need in our office.